Full text: Beschäftigungspolitik (72)

AUSTRIAN SOCIAL PARTNERS' ADVISORY COUNCIL
FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS
EMPLOYMENT POLICY
The studies produeed by the Austrian Soeial Partners' Advisory Couneil for
Eeonomic and Social AfTairs contain opinions and reeommendations for eco-
nomic poliey whieh have been agreed upon by the four major Austrian sodal
partners (the Federal Eeonomic Chamber, the Federal Chamber of Labour, the
Austrian Federation of Trade Unions and the Standing Committee of the
Presidents ofthe Austrian Chambers of Agriculture).
The following text represents a translation of the introduetion and reeom-
mendations from the Advisory Council's enclosed study "Employment Poliey"
(Besehl1ftigungspolitik). The translation was provided by Martha Sehodl.
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION AND RECOMMENDA TIONS
1. Introductlon - The Economlc Environment
1.1. Introductory Remarlcs
In the last deeade the labour market has beeome one ofthe eentral problems
ofthe economic and social poliey. Due to rationalization measures and reloca-
tion of production facilities the number of jobs in industry has greatly de-
creased and despite massive early retirements the unemployment rate has
doubled sinee the beginning of the eighties.
The labour market has eome under pressure from various sides:
- Sinee the seventies the long-term eeonomie growth has deereased by
about fifty pereent. Therefore the labour demand of the enterprises has
declined eonsiderably. Yet, in eontrast to the slogan of'~jobless growth"
employment has not at all decoupled from economie growth.
- The international division of labour and the teehnological development
forced industry to take rationalization measures. With increasing inte-
gration this trend spread also to other sectors (e.g. banks). The interna-
tional division of labour has three aspeets in particular: globalization,
EU-integration and opening ofthe Eastern countries.
A third, though less eentral labour market faetor, is the steady inerease in
labour supply. In the last deeade more women sought employment and addi-
tional foreign workers, also a eonsequenee of the opening of the Eastem
eountries, were integrated into the labour market. Aeeording to present esti-
mates the labour supply will continue to inerease over the next twenty years
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