Volltext: Beschäftigungspolitik (72)

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The Advisory Council welcomes the liberalization steps negotiated between
the employer and employee representations of interests and proposes similar
steps for other branches of the service sector, provided a more detailed eval-
uation reveals sustainable positive employment effects. Also there it will be
important to secure the acceptance by the employees.
For a general assessment of part-time work see chapter 2.2.4.2. - Part-time
Work
2.2.7. Working Time Models to Prolong Employment in Seasonal Branches
Branches in which an economic activity, due to the weather situation or
similar conditions, is limited to certain periods of the calendar year, carry the
problem that the majority of the employees in these sectors face unemploy-
ment during the off-season. Apart from other measures to extend the employ-
ment season, the possibilities of working time schemes for reducing the re-
spective periods of unemployment should therefore also be analyzed and util-
ized.
Particularly promising seems the concept of compensating overtime
through leavetime at the end of the employment period instead of money, thus
prolonging the period of official employment and reducing the time of unem-
ployment. According to the current legal position, above a11four models are
conceivable: compensation through leisure time instead of overtime payment;
working extratime to accumulate free days in connection with holidays; a
Ionger settlement period for working time defined in collective agreements;
and mandatory consumption of parts of the annual leave in the non-employed
period.
To find acceptance for such models it is important to create incentives both
for employers and employees. Among other things it will be necessary to find
fair compensation in both the social insurance and labour legislation sectors.
Such models prolonging employment are particularly important for the
construction and tourism sectors. The Advisory Council refers to the success-
ful conclusion of a collective agreement in the construction industry and
strongly recommends to also conclude such an agreement in tourism.
2.3. New Fields of Employment
In this study the Advisory Council concentrated on the service sector, as in
this sector the most significant employment increases are to be expected and as
other aspects regarding Austria as an industrial location or economic policy
measures beyond that have been dealt with in other studies ("Austria's Com-
petitive Position as an Industrial Location"; Social Partners' Agreement
"Maßnahmen fUr eine beschäftigungspolitische Offensive" - "Measures for an
Employment Policy Initiative").
        

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