Full text: Beschäftigungspolitik (72)

sessment of the arising public costs or revenue shortfalls must also take into
account the financial, social and human costs of unemployment as weil as the
present revenue shortfall due to the non-perfonnance ofthese services or satis-
faction by the infonnal sector.
Intemationally various models are being either discussed or applied. The
models are generally based on tax benefits and reductions of social security
contributions, partly in connection with service coupons. In all cases the public
support aims at enabling adequate net wages despite a lower productivity and
thus at satisfying the demand for household-related services through official
The Advisory Council recommends the evaluation of the international
models discussed in this study in consultation with the Labour Market Service.
In this connection, the experiences of existing private facilities in Austria are
to be taken into account. Sodal Services
The present far-reaching change in the social structure is directly reflected
in different and additional requirements and demands by private households.
Proceeding from available surveys, about 5% of the population need health
and nursing services (in particular care of elderly people). Presently approxi-
mately 40,000 people are taken care of by institutions offering out-patient
nursing services; this means a share of 0,5% of the overall population. It is ex-
pected that this figure will double in the forseeable future, making additional
employment of 8,500 persons in the nursing service and 500 persons in the
administrative sector necessary.
An expansion to this extent would require considerable additional means.
The Advisory Council recommends both an increased financial contribution of
the public authorities under consideration of the budgetary restraints, and
higher contributions of the recipients under consideration of the sodal situa-
tion (at present app. 24%) to implement this employment potential; thereby
measures have to be taken to ensure that in the case of increased private fi-
nandal contributions, the recipients do not escape into the shadow economy.
Part of the labour market relevant potential in the social services sector was
already covered by the "Pflegegeld" (nursing allowance). To achieve the de-
sired employment effect, the accurate use of the nursing allowance for buying
qualified nursing services on the market or for partially compensating the
nursing activity of family members must be guaranteed. The question of the
social insurance of family members taking over nursing tasks remains un-
To implement a higher employment growth, the institutional framework
conditions additionally must be changed in line with also still lacking direc-
tives for subsidies. be able. The Advisory Council proposes to abolish em-
ployment-impairing restrictions for those offering social services (planning
safety, long-tenn targets, investment measures, pricing etc.) as weil as to cre-
ate quality standards and a collective agreement. The Labour Market Service,

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