Full text: Taxation of foundations in Europe

Trustees as well as beneficiaries in a mixed trust always pay the tax rates stipulated for the 
respective portion of income. 
Some other forms of mixed trusts exist: In the settlor-interested trust, the settlor keeps some 
particular rights, for instance as to the income generated. In non-resident trusts, all or some 
of the trustees do not live in the UK. The special trusts are founded for charitable purposes 
as well as for pension funds, investment funds or employee provision funds. 
10.8. Trusts and Capital Gains 
Trustees are subject to taxation for all profits that exceed a specific tax-exempt amount; the 
applicable tax rate depends on the form of the trust. The beneficiaries do not make any pay-
ments to the tax authorities with respect to the trust profits, but cannot claim any tax refund 
on payments made by the trustees either. 
Annual tax exemption for trusts is half the amount of the exemption granted to an individual. 
Only under certain conditions, for example when a trust serves to benefit a disabled person, 
the trustee is subject to the same tax exemption as an individual. 
If a settlor has several trusts, the annual tax exemption is correspondingly limited, proportio-
nally based on the number of settlements formed since 6 June 1978 and which are still in 

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