Full text: Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - 2018 Heft 2 (2)

Bracalente, Bruno; Perugini, Cristiano, The components of regional disparities in Europe, in: The Annals of Regional Science 44/3 (2010) 621-645. Cheshire, Paul; Magrini, Stefano, Endogenous processes in European regional growth: convergence and policy, in: Growth and Change 31/4 (2000) 455-479. Conceiç?o, Pedro; Ferreira, Pedro, The young person's guide to the Theil index: Sugge- sting intuitive interpretations and exploring analytical applications (2000). Cuadrado-Roura, Juan R.; Parellada, Martí (eds)., Regional convergence in the European Union: Facts, prospects and policies (Heidelberg 2013). Cuaresma, Jesús Crespo; Doppelhofer, Gernot; Feldkircher, Martin, The determinants of economic growth in European regions, in: Regional Studies 48/1 (2014) 44-67. European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, White Paper on the Future of Europe – Reflections and Scenarios for the EU27 by 2025. (Brussels 2017). Geppert, Kurt; Stephan, Andreas, Regional disparities in the European Union: Conver- gence and agglomeration, in: Papers in Regional Science 87/2 (2008) 193-217. Haughton, Jonathan; Khandker, Shahidur R., Handbook on poverty and inequality (World Bank, Washington, D. C., 2009). Mazier, Jacques; Valdecantos, Sebastian, A multi-speed Europe: is it viable? A stock-flow consistent approach, in: European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies 12/1 (2015) 93-112. Mohl, Philipp; Hagen, Tobias, Do EU structural funds promote regional growth? New evi- dence from various panel data approaches, in: Regional Science and Urban Economics (2010) 353-365. Petrakos, George; Kallioras, Dimitris; Anagnostou, Ageliki, Regional convergence and growth in Europe: understanding patterns and determinants, in: European Urban and Regional Studies 18/4 (2011) 375-391. Petrakos, George; Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés; Rovolis, Antonis, Growth, integration, and regional disparities in the European Union, in: Environment and planning A 37/10 (2005) 1837-1855. Poverty and Social Exclusion, European Semester Thematic Fiche (November 2015). Quah, D. T., Empirics for economic growth and convergence, in: European Economic Review 40/6 (1996) 1353-1375. Rosés, Joan; Wolf, Nikolaus, Regional economic development in Europe, 1900-2010: a description of the patterns (2018). Soko?owicz, Mariusz, Territorial context in the research on the EU cohesion. One-speed or multi-speed Europe? (2011). Terrasi, Marinella, National and spatial factors in EU regional convergence, in: Regional Convergence in the European Union (Berlin, Heidelberg 2002) 185-209. Abstract This paper aims to shed light on the evolution of regional disparities with respect to eco- nomic activity, productivity and employment across the European Union. While the „multi- ple Speeds of Europe“ are a buzzword often quoted to underpin different political strategies and visions, they are usually not connected to an analysis of the actual inequalities and the existing trends. We employ the Theil-index of concentration to conduct such an analysis for 191 EU regions from 1991 to 2014, showing the evolution of disparities in terms of regional GVA, labour productivity and employment, both on the between country and within country level. We find a descending trend in disparities following each enlargement period after 2004, which has however slowed down in the wake of the recession and has since been outpaced 189 44. Jahrgang (2018), Heft 2 Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

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