Full text: Volkswirtschaftliche Effekte der Liberalisierung des Eisenbahnpersonenverkehrs in Österreich (50)

Verkehr und Infrastruktur 9 
3 ABSTRACT (EN) 
Targets of the European Commission outlined in the Fourth Railway Package 
 Savings of up to 30 percent for tendering bodies 
 Increasing passenger numbers 
 Improving service quality 
Planned measures of the European Commission outlined in the Fourth Railway Package 
 Complete opening of the national rail passenger transport; removal of the option to award 
contracts directly in respect of rail passenger transport 
 Further separation of infrastructure operator and transport service provider 
International experiences with competitive tendering show 
 Only the initial wave of tendering results in savings. 
 Due to market adjustment prices are rising again in the long term. 
 The vertical separation of infrastructure operators and transport service providers leads to 
significant additional costs. 
 Competitive tendering is realised at the expense of the quality of the services provided. 
 Competitive tendering is realised at the expense of employees’ wage and social standards  
 Studies in Great Britain and Sweden show that rail fares significantly rose after liberalisation. 
 Both Great Britain and Sweden experienced immense delays in some cases and train 
cancellations after liberalisation. 
 No connection between customer satisfaction and increase in the degree of liberalisation can be 
established. 
 There is no clear association between degree of liberalisation and the share of rail transport in 
the overall traffic volume. 
This means for Austria 
 The vertical separation of infrastructure and transport service could - depending on the future 
growth of transport - cost up to a billion Euro. 
 A ten-percent reduction of wages and salaries would permanently put the existence of ca. 120 
jobs at risk.
        

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