Full text: 40 Jahre 40-Stunden-Woche in Österreich. Und jetzt? (18)

84 active research also compares HR results with corresponding data for all of Gothenburg. This places the trial in a wider context. The aim of the trial is to find out how a 6-hour workday impacts the health and life quality of assistant nurses. The trial also demonstrates the potential for job opportunities and the eco- nomic effect on other authorities. Another aim is to examine how the reduced working day impacts the quality of daily care for the residents. The interactive research evaluates the trial, including the resulting change in working conditions of assistant nurses. In the trial, the assistant nurses who worked full-time before had their workday reduced to 6 hours with full pay. Within the trial, assistant nurses with part-time contracts were given the choice to work a 6-hour workday with a full salary, in order to realise a new general 6-hour schedule. To compensate for the loss of working hours, 14 assistant nurses were recruited. A collective agreement was signed between the City of Gothenburg and the “Kommunal” Union. Most employees are female assistant nurses. Assistant nurses are the largest professional group in Sweden. Therefore, this trail is particularly significant. The setup of the interactive research, theory and methods is comprehensive. The interactive research uses the Best Practice theory and method. The focus of the trial is the employees who previously worked full-time, whose contracts were reduced to a 6-hour workday during the trial. All studies are divided into three age groups. 3 PRELIMINARY RESULTS The first report, “6 months with 6 hours”, was presented by researcher Bengt Lorentzon. It describes the aims and highlights the first and preliminary indications. Due to the early stage in the trial, there is not yet enough evidence to draw conclusions about final trial results. The trial and study will be conducted over two years, which is necessary to ensure a high quality of results. The study aims to answer two key questions. Firstly, how and whether a shorter workday im- pacts activities at the elderly care home, and how a reduction of working hours improves the employees’ leisure time and life in general; however, our main focus here is to ascertain how it affects work-related issues. The second question is about the shorter workday’s impact on productivity. Productivity is usually a way of describing how many units of a product can be produced with a certain time and cost input. In this case, with elderly care not being a product, productivity is a measurement based on how well care meets the goals that have been estab- lished by national laws and locally decided regulations. Their main concerns are the elderly’s rights of integrity, quality of life and safe and high-quality care. The study includes interviews with the residents. There are few studies that measure produc- tivity in the eyes of the residents; in general, only the employees’ work and experience are measured. For example the elderly answer questions about how pleased they are with the employees’ work and what activities they have been doing. The employees’ experiences are measured in a survey conducted before, during, and after the trial. After six weeks with a six- hour workday, the employees answered questions about how they experienced the shorter

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