Title:
Trading away democracy
Creator:
Olivet, Cecilia Wikipedia Redlin, Blair Wikipedia Verheecke, Lora Wikipedia Eberhardt, Pia Wikipedia
PURL document:
urn:nbn:at:at-akw:g-862463
PURL:
https://emedien.arbeiterkammer.at/viewer/resolver?urn=urn:nbn:at:at-akw:g-862657
40 CBC News (2014): European Union drops plan to label oilsands 
crude �dirty�, 7 October.
41 Public Citizen (2014)  Available on : http://www.citizen.org/ 
documents/EU-ISDS-liability.pdf (consulted on 23rd May 2016)
42 UNCTAD (2016) Investment Dispute Settlement Navigator 
Available on http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/
ISDS?status=1000 (consulted on 21st May 2016)
43 van Harten, Gus 2012: Arbitrator Behaviour in Asymmetrical 
Adjudication: An Empirical Study of Investment Treaty 
Arbitration, Osgoode Hall Law Journal 50:1, 211-268.
44 Corporate Europe Observatory/ Transnational Institute (2012): 
Profiting from Injustice. How law firms, arbitrators and financiers 
are fuelling an investment arbitration boom, chapter 4, chapter 3.
45 Corporate Europe Observatory/Transnational Institute (2012): 
Profiting from Injustice. How law firms, arbitrators and financiers 
are fuelling an investment arbitration boom
46 Public statement: Stop the Corporate Giveaway!  
A transatlantic plea for sanity in the EU � Canada CETA 
negotiations, November 2013.
47 CLC/ETUC (2016) EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and 
Trade Agreement, April. Available on : https://www.etuc.org/
documents/corrigendum-ceta-where-we-are-and-what- 
needs-be-changed
48 CLC/ETUC (2016) EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and 
Trade Agreement, April. Available on : https://www.etuc.org/ 
documents/corrigendum-ceta-where-we-are-and-what- 
needs-be-changed
49 European Commission, Department of Trade, Press release, 
� CETA : EU and Canada agree on new approach on investment 
in trade agreement, � 29th February 2016, http://trade.ec. 
europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=1468
50 Deutscher Richterbund �Stellungnahme zur Errichtung eines 
Investitionsgerichts f�r TTIP � Vorschlag der Europ�ischen 
Kommission vom 16.09.2015 und 12.11.2015 �  Available on : 
http://www.drb.de/fileadmin/docs/Stellungnahmen/2016/
DRB_160201_Stn_Nr_04_Europaeisches_Investitionsgericht.pdf
51 CCPA, CEO, Friends of the Earth Europe, German NGO Forum 
on Environment and Development, TNI (2016) Investment 
Court System put to the test. New EU proposal will perpetuate 
investors� attack on health and environment Available on :  
http://corporateeurope.org/international-trade/2016/04/eu- 
investment-proposal-won-t-prevent-corporate-attacks-health
52 TransCanada Corporation & TransCanada PipeLines Limited, 
�Notice of Intent to Submit a Claim to Arbitration under Chapter 
11 of the North American Free Trade Agreement�, 6 January 
2016, https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/2676478/
TransCanada-Notice-of-Intent-6-Jan-2016.pdf
53 FTR Holding SA, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal 
Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay, Request for 
Arbitration, 19 February 2010, http://www.italaw.com/sites/
default/files/case-documents/ita0343.pdf  
54 Philip Morris International (2014) PMI � Uruguay legal dispute: 
spotlight on the facts http://justthefacts.pmi.com/pmi-uruguay-
legal dispute-spotlight-on-the-facts/
55 Philip Morris International v Uruguay, Final Award,9 July 2016 
https://medios.presidencia.gub.uy/tav_portal/2016/noticias/
NO_U130/award_eng1.pdf
56 https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2016/jul/ 
28/who-really-won-legal-battle-philip-morris-uruguay- 
cigarette-adverts 
57 The tribunal�s decision on the amount of damages is pending. 
Bilcon declared in a March 20, 2015 press release it would be 
seeking �at least US$300 million in damages from Canada.�  
Paul MacLeod. �Bilcon seeks US$300m after win in quarry 
dispute.� Halifax Chronicle-Herald. 20 March 2015,   
http://thechronicleherald.ca/novascotia/1275735-bilcon- 
seeks-us300m-after-win-in-quarry-dispute.
58 The existing bilateral investment treaties between Canada 
and the Czech Republic, Hungary, Croatia, Latvia, Poland, 
Romania, Malta and the Slovak Republic can be found on the 
website of the Canadian government.
59 Government of Canada (2014) Canada-Korea Free Trade 
Agreement (CKFTA) Available on : http://www.international.gc.ca/
trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/agr-acc/korea-coree/
toc-tdm.aspx?lang=eng
60 Government of Canada (2014) Canada-China Foreign Investment 
Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) Negotiations 
Available on : http://www.international.gc.ca/trade-agreements-
accords-commerciaux/agr-acc/fipa-apie/china-chine.
aspx?lang=eng
61 The Economist (2014): The arbitration game, 11 October
62 Consolidated CETA text, published on 29th February 2016, http://
trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2016/february/tradoc_154329.pdf 
63 Unless other references are provided, the analysis draws from 
critical analyses of the CETA text published on eu-secretdeals.
info/ceta and from the report � The Zombie ISDS �  
http://corporateeurope.org/sites/default/files/attachments/
the_zombie_isds_0.pdf
64 CCPA, CEO, Friends of the Earth Europe, German NGO Forum 
on Environment and Development, TNI (2016) Investment 
Court System put to the test. New EU proposal will perpetuate 
investors� attack on health and environment  Available on : 
http://corporateeurope.org/international-trade/2016/04/
eu-investment-proposal-won-t-prevent-corporate-attacks-health
65 Public Citizen (2012): �Fair and Equitable Treatment� and 
Investors� Reasonable Expectations: Rulings in US FTAs and 
BITs Demonstrate FET Definition Must be Narrowed, 1.
66 Lone Pine (2013): Notice of Arbitration, 17.
67 See details of this and other examples in CCPA, CEO, 
Friends of the Earth Europe, German NGO Forum on 
Environment and Development, TNI (2016) Investment Court 
System put to the test. New EU proposal will perpetuate 
investors� attack on health and environment  Available on : 
http://corporateeurope.org/international-trade/2016/04/
eu-investment-proposal-won-t-prevent-corporate-attacks-health
68 Kahale, George III (2014): Keynote Speech at the Eighth 
Annual Juris Investment Treaty Arbitration Conference, 
Washington, March 28, 5.
69 Desai, Mihir A./Moel, Alerto (2006): Czech Mate. Expropriation 
and Investor Protection in a Converging World.
70 Rosert, Diana (2014): Libya ordered to pay US$935 million to 
Kuwaiti company for cancelled investment project, Investment 
Treaty News, 19 January.
71 Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (2014): Making Sense  
of CETA, 18f.
72 Consolidated CETA text, published on 29th February 2016, 
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2016/february/
tradoc_154329.pdf 
73 Rupert Schlegelmilch (European Commission, DG Trade, 
Director of the directorate for Services and Investment, 
Intellectual Property and Public Procurement) speaking at 
a private luncheon on � Investment Treaty Reform : The 
European Perspective � on Thursday 7th April, at the Cato 
Institute in Washington DC. 
74 Inside US Trade (2013): Revised EU Mandate Seeks To  
Prevent �Frivolous� Investor-State Claims, 23 May.
75 European Commission 2014: Investment provisions in the  
EU-Canada Free Trade Agreement (CETA), 26 September.
76 New Zealand Government (2013): Government moves forward 
with plain packaging of tobacco product, 19 February.
77 Porterfield, Matthew (2013): A Distinction Without Difference? 
The Interpretation of Fair and Equitable Treatment Under 
Customary International Law by Investment Tribunals, 
Investment Treaty News, 22 March.
        

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