2.3./. Emp/oyment Potentials in Business-Related Services The sector of the business-related services involves a particular growth po- tential for output and employment. Estimates reveal an approximately 10 percent increase in employment and output both in the eighties and the first half of this decade. Only a minor part of this employment increase can be at- tributed to shifting services from the industrial sector (study of the IWI - In- dustrial Scientific Institute - "Industrienahe Dienstleistungen" - "Industry~ related Services", 1996 ). Yet, the potential of business-related services can only be exhausted, if the demand can be satisfied in a competent way. In this sector Austria has a high potential both for demand and supply. Apart from the small size of the enterprises, the lack of cooperation and the low degree of intemationalization, the Advisory Council considers competi- tion-restraining regulations as counterproductive in exhausting the existing potential of this sector and therefore recommends to consider the following measures: framework conditions to create a comprehensive infrastructure in com- munication technology: liberalization of the telecom market (deregula- tion of the line monopoly by 1.1. 1998), clarification of the question of liberalization ofthe admission to certain professions breaking down anti-competitive fee regulations for lawyers and civil engineers lifting the professional ban on advertising (business lawyers), association (between civil engineers, business lawyers and trustees) and cooperation between self-employed (free professions) and businessmen in manufac- turing enterprises lifting the ban on incorporation of business lawyers - intangible investments (e.g. engineering, consulting) must be considered in promotion programmes 2.3.2. Emp/oyment Effects ofNew Communication Techn%gies An efficient teleeommunieation infrastructure and the promotion of the manifold application possibilities of modern eommunieation teehnologies in all eeonomic fields will represent an essential faetor for positive development of the employment level, though the ambitious quantitative target of the Euro- pean Commission report will not easily be fully aehieved, not even under the most favourable pre-eonditions. Apart from the basie pre-eondition of implementing the Austrian Postal and Telegraphie Administration reform, the following eeonomie poliey measures will support an employment-promoting use of new eommunication teehnolo- gies: 30