76 cluded is mainly a description of policies without analysis and little reference to budgetary alloca- tions. Public officials involved are somewhat frustrated about this additional task. Facing this limited performance of the government so far, a strategy of some members of the Watchgroup has been to cooperate with the government officials in charge and to offer expertise. This was motivated by the hope to influence the scope of the exercise and push towards broad implementation and institution- alisation. The question of whether this cooperation strategy shows the expected effects remains open to date. Many members of the Watchgroup who have actively participated in assisting and consulting the governments to develop tools and methods as well as strategies for implementation see the need to re-focus. Now it seems that time has come to focus more on external lobbying for meaningful ways to implement Gender Budgeting and for equality-oriented policies, on monitoring developments from the outside, on pursuing independent research. The question of Gender Budgeting as an in- strument to promote democratisation of budgetary policies emerges as a special area of research interest. One major constraint of the work of the Watchgroup is the lack of resources, both money and time. Several members have small children, many full time jobs and/or many other civil society engage- ments. And it is very hard to get funding for such activities in Austria. So far there was barely e- nough money to be raised to finance the material, all women power going into the project remains unpaid. There have been some attempts to spread the ideas among NGOs in order to build up civil society pressure demanding governments to take action. But it is hard to maintain the level of activities. Again, this is mainly due to the lack of time and funding. Currently Austria has a conservative/right wing government pursuing neo-liberal policies, including restrictive budgetary policies. Currently it is getting more and more difficult for NGOs, especially women's organisations, to get funding. References BEIGEWUM (2002), Frauen macht Budgets. Staatsfinanzen aus Geschlechterperspektive, Mandelbaum Verlag, Vienna, ISBN 3-85476-078-7. Bergmann, Nadja/Gubitzer, Luise/Klatzer, Elisabeth/Klawatsch-Treitl, Eva/Neumayr, Michaela (2004), Gender Budgets. Handbuch zur Umsetzung geschlechtergerechter Budgetgestaltung, Vienna. [Gender Budgeting Handbook to implement Gender responsive Budgeting at the local and regional level]. Gubitzer, Luise / Trukeschitz, Birgit (Ed.) (2004): Frauen und Budget. Frankfurt/Main, Peter Lang Verlag. [Women and Budgets, a collection of papers] Klatzer, Elisabeth/Neumayr, Michaela (2006), Das geschlechtergerechte Gemeindebudget. Ein Leit- faden zur Einführung des Gender Budgeting auf kommunaler Ebene, edition zuDritt, Attnang- Puchheim. [Gender Equality at the municipal level, a manual to introduce gender budgeting in communities] 5.2 Germany: The “Initiative for a Gender Sensitive Budget in Berlin” by Regina Frey The “Initiative for a Gender Sensitive Budget in Berlin” was founded in May 2001 after a workshop on Gender Budgeting organised by of the NGO´s Women’s Forum. The goals of the initiative are: ? Lobbying for a qualified implementation of Gender Budgeting as a strategy to assess the gender impact of policies on the state level in Berlin (“Länder”-level in Germany); and