40 CBC News (2014): European Union drops plan to label oilsands crude ‘dirty’, 7 October. 41 Public Citizen (2014) Available on : http://www.citizen.org/ documents/EU-ISDS-liability.pdf (consulted on 23rd May 2016) 42 UNCTAD (2016) Investment Dispute Settlement Navigator Available on http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/ ISDS?status=1000 (consulted on 21st May 2016) 43 van Harten, Gus 2012: Arbitrator Behaviour in Asymmetrical Adjudication: An Empirical Study of Investment Treaty Arbitration, Osgoode Hall Law Journal 50:1, 211-268. 44 Corporate Europe Observatory/ Transnational Institute (2012): Profiting from Injustice. How law firms, arbitrators and financiers are fuelling an investment arbitration boom, chapter 4, chapter 3. 45 Corporate Europe Observatory/Transnational Institute (2012): Profiting from Injustice. How law firms, arbitrators and financiers are fuelling an investment arbitration boom 46 Public statement: Stop the Corporate Giveaway! A transatlantic plea for sanity in the EU – Canada CETA negotiations, November 2013. 47 CLC/ETUC (2016) EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, April. Available on : https://www.etuc.org/ documents/corrigendum-ceta-where-we-are-and-what- needs-be-changed 48 CLC/ETUC (2016) EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, April. Available on : https://www.etuc.org/ documents/corrigendum-ceta-where-we-are-and-what- needs-be-changed 49 European Commission, Department of Trade, Press release, « CETA : EU and Canada agree on new approach on investment in trade agreement, » 29th February 2016, http://trade.ec. europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=1468 50 Deutscher Richterbund «Stellungnahme zur Errichtung eines Investitionsgerichts für TTIP – Vorschlag der Europäischen Kommission vom 16.09.2015 und 12.11.2015 » Available on : http://www.drb.de/fileadmin/docs/Stellungnahmen/2016/ DRB_160201_Stn_Nr_04_Europaeisches_Investitionsgericht.pdf 51 CCPA, CEO, Friends of the Earth Europe, German NGO Forum on Environment and Development, TNI (2016) Investment Court System put to the test. New EU proposal will perpetuate investors’ attack on health and environment Available on : http://corporateeurope.org/international-trade/2016/04/eu- investment-proposal-won-t-prevent-corporate-attacks-health 52 TransCanada Corporation & TransCanada PipeLines Limited, “Notice of Intent to Submit a Claim to Arbitration under Chapter 11 of the North American Free Trade Agreement”, 6 January 2016, https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/2676478/ TransCanada-Notice-of-Intent-6-Jan-2016.pdf 53 FTR Holding SA, Philip Morris Products S.A. and Abal Hermanos S.A. v. Oriental Republic of Uruguay, Request for Arbitration, 19 February 2010, http://www.italaw.com/sites/ default/files/case-documents/ita0343.pdf 54 Philip Morris International (2014) PMI – Uruguay legal dispute: spotlight on the facts http://justthefacts.pmi.com/pmi-uruguay- legal dispute-spotlight-on-the-facts/ 55 Philip Morris International v Uruguay, Final Award,9 July 2016 https://medios.presidencia.gub.uy/tav_portal/2016/noticias/ NO_U130/award_eng1.pdf 56 https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2016/jul/ 28/who-really-won-legal-battle-philip-morris-uruguay- cigarette-adverts 57 The tribunal’s decision on the amount of damages is pending. Bilcon declared in a March 20, 2015 press release it would be seeking “at least US$300 million in damages from Canada.” Paul MacLeod. “Bilcon seeks US$300m after win in quarry dispute.” Halifax Chronicle-Herald. 20 March 2015, http://thechronicleherald.ca/novascotia/1275735-bilcon- seeks-us300m-after-win-in-quarry-dispute. 58 The existing bilateral investment treaties between Canada and the Czech Republic, Hungary, Croatia, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Malta and the Slovak Republic can be found on the website of the Canadian government. 59 Government of Canada (2014) Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement (CKFTA) Available on : http://www.international.gc.ca/ trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/agr-acc/korea-coree/ toc-tdm.aspx?lang=eng 60 Government of Canada (2014) Canada-China Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) Negotiations Available on : http://www.international.gc.ca/trade-agreements- accords-commerciaux/agr-acc/fipa-apie/china-chine. aspx?lang=eng 61 The Economist (2014): The arbitration game, 11 October 62 Consolidated CETA text, published on 29th February 2016, http:// trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2016/february/tradoc_154329.pdf 63 Unless other references are provided, the analysis draws from critical analyses of the CETA text published on eu-secretdeals. info/ceta and from the report « The Zombie ISDS » http://corporateeurope.org/sites/default/files/attachments/ the_zombie_isds_0.pdf 64 CCPA, CEO, Friends of the Earth Europe, German NGO Forum on Environment and Development, TNI (2016) Investment Court System put to the test. New EU proposal will perpetuate investors’ attack on health and environment Available on : http://corporateeurope.org/international-trade/2016/04/ eu-investment-proposal-won-t-prevent-corporate-attacks-health 65 Public Citizen (2012): “Fair and Equitable Treatment” and Investors’ Reasonable Expectations: Rulings in US FTAs and BITs Demonstrate FET Definition Must be Narrowed, 1. 66 Lone Pine (2013): Notice of Arbitration, 17. 67 See details of this and other examples in CCPA, CEO, Friends of the Earth Europe, German NGO Forum on Environment and Development, TNI (2016) Investment Court System put to the test. New EU proposal will perpetuate investors’ attack on health and environment Available on : http://corporateeurope.org/international-trade/2016/04/ eu-investment-proposal-won-t-prevent-corporate-attacks-health 68 Kahale, George III (2014): Keynote Speech at the Eighth Annual Juris Investment Treaty Arbitration Conference, Washington, March 28, 5. 69 Desai, Mihir A./Moel, Alerto (2006): Czech Mate. Expropriation and Investor Protection in a Converging World. 70 Rosert, Diana (2014): Libya ordered to pay US$935 million to Kuwaiti company for cancelled investment project, Investment Treaty News, 19 January. 71 Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (2014): Making Sense of CETA, 18f. 72 Consolidated CETA text, published on 29th February 2016, http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2016/february/ tradoc_154329.pdf 73 Rupert Schlegelmilch (European Commission, DG Trade, Director of the directorate for Services and Investment, Intellectual Property and Public Procurement) speaking at a private luncheon on « Investment Treaty Reform : The European Perspective » on Thursday 7th April, at the Cato Institute in Washington DC. 74 Inside US Trade (2013): Revised EU Mandate Seeks To Prevent ‘Frivolous’ Investor-State Claims, 23 May. 75 European Commission 2014: Investment provisions in the EU-Canada Free Trade Agreement (CETA), 26 September. 76 New Zealand Government (2013): Government moves forward with plain packaging of tobacco product, 19 February. 77 Porterfield, Matthew (2013): A Distinction Without Difference? The Interpretation of Fair and Equitable Treatment Under Customary International Law by Investment Tribunals, Investment Treaty News, 22 March.